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ambasciata_pretoria

Political Cooperation

 

Political Cooperation

Institutional structure and basic data
Land area
1.221.038 km²
Capital
Pretoria (administrative) Cape Town (legislative) Bloemfontein (judicial)
Other main cities
Johannesburg, Durban
Type of State
Federal Republic (National Government and 9 Provincial Governments)
Type of Government
Presidential Republic: the President who is elected by Parliament is the head of the State and the Government and the Ministers are subjected to him. Parliament can impeach the Ministers via a vote of “no confidence”.

Head of State and Government
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa ZUMA (first mandate 9/05/2009-23/05/2014, second mandate from 24/05/2014)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mrs. Maite NKOANA-MASHABANE

Legislative system
Bicameral, the Parliament is made up of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces
Legal system
Based on Roman-Dutch Law and Common Law; the compulsory jurisdiction of the ICJ was accepted with reserve.
Voting eligibility
Universal from the age of 18
International Organization participation
ACP, AFDB, AU, BIS, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, NSG, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Population and Social indicators
Population
56.520.000 (estimates 2017)
Rate of Growth
0.550%
Life expectancy
Male 50 years, Female 48 years
Ethnic groups
Black 79,2%, White 8,9%, Coloured 8,9 %, Indian 2,5%
Religion
Christian 68%, Muslim 2%, Hindu 1,5%, indigenous beliefs 28,5%

Languages
11 official languages: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
Pincipal Political Parties
African National Congress - ANC (Jacob ZUMA); Democratic Alliance - DA (Mmusi MAIMANE); Economic Freedom Fighters - EFF (Julius Malema); Inkatha Freedom Party - IFP (Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI); National Freedom Party - NFP United Democratic Movement - UDM; Congress of the People – COPE.
Political Pressure groups
Congress of South African Trade Unions – COSATU; South African Communist Party – SACP (COSATU e SACP are ANC allies); South African National Civics Organization – SANCO

POLITICAL COOPERATION

Italy considers South Africa a strategic partner and is strongly engaged in further improving the recent positive developments in terms of partnerships in political, economic, cultural and scientific fields, thanks to a renewed attention towards Africa by the Italian Government.
Italy and the Italians have always been very close to the black people in their struggle against the apartheid. Oliver R. Tambo spent most of his long exile time in Italy. In 2013 President Zuma bestowed one of the highest honours, the “Order of the Friends of O. R. Tambo” to two Italian citizens from Reggio Emilia for their support to the anti-apartheid struggle of SA.
One of our best assets is the dynamic, well-integrated and respected Italian community in the Country, with more than 35.000 Italian passport holders. And there is also a more recent presence of young and dynamic Italian entrepreneurs. We enjoy the benefits of their good reputation, which increase the appeal of the “Brand Italia”.
Time has finally come for a big boost in the bilateral ties. The recent activities and investments of champions of our industry as Fiat/Iveco, Enel Green Power, ENI, Finmeccanica Group, Ariston Thermo, Technogym prove that establishing Italian-South African manufacture partnerships is key for the success not only in this market, but also in the Sub-Saharan Countries. This is also the most effective way to promote economic growth, job creation and friendship between Italians and South Africans, in the reciprocal interest.
Various initiatives are flourishing. Among the most recent ones, it has to be mentioned the “South Africa – Italy Summit. Building a Community of Leaders for growing their Enterprises in the two Countries and Continents”, organized by “The European House – Ambrosetti” in Cape Town on the 2nd and 3rd of October 2014, promoted and supported by the Embassy. The relevance of the event was properly highlighted by the attendance of Vice Minister Lapo Pistelli, who recalled the enormous potential still unexploited in bilateral relations, especially for economic partnerships in important sectors such as infrastructure, manufacturing, energy and agro-industry. The Vice Minister emphasized also the commitment of the Italian Government to support the Italian business to share its know-how with local partners. The model must be the public-private partnership for sustainable projects.
Italians are very good in sharing knowledge, skills and experience with their partners. This was particularly evident in the case of the outstanding success in February 2014 of the campaign of the 30th Naval Group of the Italian Navy, headed by the superb aircraft-carrier Cavour, which docked in Cape Town.
Another important event was the Italian participation in the “2014 Africa Aerospace and Defense”, a major example of integrated public-private partnership, thanks to the combined efforts of our most advanced companies, as well as of the Italian institutional network in South Africa, with the Embassy and the ITA/Italian Trade Agency on the front line. The Italian pavilion was amongst the most visited, with even two different official openings, respectively by the Deputy Ministers of Defence and Public Enterprises.
Also the New Italian Design exhibition in Cape Town was a remarkable success. It was a joint effort by Triennale Design Museum, the Embassy, the Italian Trade Agency and the Italian Consulate in Cape Town, to celebrate Italy within Cape Town World Design Capital 2014.
Furthermore, the Embassy is deeply committed in social initiatives. Like the second edition of the “Italian Ambassador’s Perennial Trophy” charity regatta, held in Cape Town on the 1st November 2014 and accompanied by a new issue of the magazine Insider/South Africa. The magazine is developed by the Embassy and produced in cooperation with the Italian periodical Insider and the latest edition has a focus on Italian and South African technology and design, social solidarity, culture, arts, sport and tourism. It is also available on-line at www.insidermagazine.it.
The Embassy has also organized, in collaboration with the HIP/Hellenic, Italian and Portuguese Alliance and the Italian Institute of Culture, the exhibition “Home away from Home” (Constitution Hill, 16th October - 14th November 2014), on the historic ties between the City of Reggio Emilia and South Africa during the apartheid regime. A beautiful story to tell, especially to the youngest generations.



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